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Autonomous Operations in Mining – Cisco Blogs

Development Overview

By the top of 2021, Caterpillar has hauled greater than 4 billion tons of product and pushed greater than 145 million kilometers autonomously. As an apart, that’s the space of a spherical journey to Mars. Autonomous know-how is mature.

Maybe haulage is the only of all autonomous issues to resolve and has essentially the most vital return on funding. In 2017, Rio Tinto recognized that in a single yr, every of their autonomous vans had 700 extra manufacturing hours than a median standard truck. Autonomous vans are 15% cheaper to function and generate as much as 30% extra productiveness.

With these substantial advantages, you’ll suppose mines could be trending to full autonomy. Listed here are a two of essentially the most vital challenges.

Dependable wi-fi protection in all places

Dependable and pervasive wi-fi entry to the autonomous system is vital for all components of an autonomous atmosphere. For the haulage use case, the trail of haul vans is properly outlined and solely covers a small proportion of a full mine. Protection in that properly outlined area is far less expensive than full and dependable protection of a mine.

Use instances like autonomous dozing, autonomous operation of service automobiles, and different programs may very well be anyplace within the mine.

Dependable instrumentation and management software program

Within the Caterpillar instance above, all of the vital parts are controled by Caterpillar. Most new Caterpillar tools might be purchased with all of the sensors and actuators required for autonomous operation. Cat Command is the autonomous system that coordinates all of the automobiles within the autonomous zone. Even automobiles that aren’t Caterpillar must be fitted with Cat Command software program to allow them to be seen within the autonomous system.

In right now’s mine there are quite a few automobiles, gauges, valves, and measurement factors that aren’t linked and should not even have the sensors required for autonomous operation.

Each mining firm must make a enterprise resolution about which processes or actions ought to change into autonomous of their mines.

Business POV

Cisco’s infrastructure options are a vital a part of an autonomous mining resolution. Listed here are a two sensible ways in which Cisco know-how makes autonomous tasks extra profitable.

Dependable wi-fi protection

Cisco Wifi was the early favourite for wi-fi connectivity to autonomous vans. Caterpillar and Sandvik have accomplished in depth testing with Cisco wifi and proceed to assist this know-how. Since then, many mining corporations have began testing and deploying LTE in hopes that it’ll present broader mine protection at an analogous value level and supply extra constant connectivity. Now, Cisco is beginning to see a rise in its Extremely Dependable Wi-fi for autonomous use instances as properly, largely due to its value level and really excessive reliability.

The necessary consideration Is that Cisco has options in all three of those applied sciences for autonomous operation in an built-in structure.

Broad instrumentation partnerships

The tradition at Cisco is one in every of partnership. These corporations embody autonomous system suppliers, instrumentation distributors, analytics platforms, and quite a few different applied sciences that present a platform for autonomy.

Though haulage options are normally self contained programs with only a few exterior components, different autonomous programs will doubtless have much more range of their sensors, actuators, software program and analytics. This method would require a wealthy ecosystem of companions just like the one which Cisco operates in.


In haulage use instances, autonomous operation could be very mature. Adoption of it will proceed to develop. Many different programs in a mine might be extra automated or possibly even autonomous. Cisco is a superb companion for deployment of self contained haulage options in addition to different extra numerous programs.





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