Drone operations at excessive altitudes and consequential restricted by harsh climate circumstances have all the time confronted numerous dangers and challenges. Excessive altitude is usually linked to mountainous terrain, which contributes to thought-about further challenges.
Aerial missions in mountainous terrain maintain a large variety of particular options and limitations. Flights over mountainous areas are all the time unpredictable because of the current skinny air and speedy modifications in climate circumstances – sudden storms and intensely chilly climate are widespread even in the summertime season.
The unmanned aerial automobile (UAV) operators require meticulous preparation by way of tools and operation, it could even require the operators to acclimatize and enhance liquid consumption in the course of the time spent within the mountains, and it’s simple to turn into disorientated if their well being situation just isn’t monitored.
From an tools perspective, the commonest challenges lie in unspecified or incorrect terrain maps which can trigger the drone to crash; restricted altitude configurations could result in poor high quality information and even the lack of the drone; magnetometer sensor malfunction in zones of magnetic anomalies and should result in the lack of the drone management and even lack of the plane in itself.
The FIXAR 007 unmanned aerial resolution already has confirmed its operational capabilities at Elbrus, finishing up an aerial pictures mission and reaching an altitude of 4 000 m (13 123 ft). The drone’s sturdy design and proprietary Autopilot together with mission planning software program xGroundControl permits it to make use of the UAV for missions at difficult places and climate, subsequently FIXAR 007 was chosen for the duty requiring operation altitude vary 5 000 m (16 404 ft) as much as 6 000 m (19 685 ft) above sea stage.
The one-day mission was carried out in September 2022. The climate circumstances have been always altering and different thought the day, with temperatures starting from -20 to five°C. All the mission phases have been carried out in a rarefied environment. The FIXAR 007 configured with the gimbal video digital camera was used for this mission.
In mountains take-off and touchdown areas are restricted, subsequently vertical take-off and touchdown (VTOL) is probably the most appropriate drone design configuration for use in these areas. The mission launch and drone take-off happened at an altitude of 5 300 m (17 388 ft) and continued the flight route by way of the valley.
The objective of the mission was to execute a secure flight at a difficult excessive altitude with hostile climate circumstances, and concurrently achieve affirmation for high quality telemetry information assortment beneath these circumstances.
The 19.8 km (12.5 mi) mission was carried out with an ascent to an altitude of 6 115 m (20 062 ft) above sea stage and an additional descent and touchdown beneath the purpose of the preliminary take-off location. At a low altitude above floor stage, the terrain envelope was 100-150 m (328-492 ft). Through the flight, the touring velocity was maintained secure at velocity of 72 km/h (45 mph).
The FIXAR 007 confirmed stable and secure efficiency on the high-altitude missions. FIXAR 007 at present is the one industrial fixed-wing drone, which has flown a BVLOS mission autonomously with terrain envelope on the altitude 5 300 (17 388 ft) – 6 115 m (20 062 ft) ASL within the mountains with out particular tools.
FLIGHT MISSION OVERVIEW
|AIRCRAFT MODEL||FIXAR 007|
|AIRCRAFT TYPE||Mounted-wing eVTOL|
|DURATION OF FLIGHT||18 min|
|MISSION MAXIMUM ALTITUDE||6 115 m (20 062 ft)|
|MISSION TAKE-OFF ALTITUDE||5 300 m (17 388 ft)|
|DISTANCE COVERED||19.8 km (12.5 mi)|
|MISSION AVERAGE FLIGHT SPEED||72 km/h (45 mph)|
|PAYLOAD||Gimbal Video Digicam|
|PAYLOAD WEIGHT||600 g (1.32 lbs)|