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How To Construct DIY Photo voltaic Panels Step-By-Step Directions

Have you ever all the time needed to construct a DIY photo voltaic panel? Properly, now could be the very best time to take action!

Constructing a DIY photo voltaic panel is a enjoyable, hands-on expertise. On high of that, you’ll get electrical energy from the solar on the lowest price potential!

That’s why we’ve crafted this text to offer you a transparent step-by-step information to constructing a DIY photo voltaic panel.

Seize your soldering iron, and let’s go!


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Instruments Wanted For DIY Photo voltaic Panels

First, guarantee you’ve got all of the instruments you want earlier than beginning your DIY photo voltaic panel venture. Keep in mind which you can all the time lease some instruments out of your ironmongery shop.

Instrument Description Buy
  Soldering Iron – most energy of 60W View on Amazon
  Voltmeter/Multimeter – To check the photo voltaic panel. View on Amazon
  Cordless Drill/Screwdriver –To repair the body of the photo voltaic panel  View on Amazon
  Mitre Noticed –To chop the aluminum angle bar for the body View on Amazon

Materials Wanted For DIY Photo voltaic Panels

Now that your instruments are full, let’s undergo the supplies for the DIY photo voltaic panel venture:

How To Construct A DIY Photo voltaic Panel

Earlier than beginning your venture, guarantee your workstation is clear and huge sufficient; a working area of 70in x 30in is ideal.

To make issues simpler, we’ve damaged the method into 8 steps:

  1. Constructing plan for a 150W photo voltaic panel
  2. Solder the tabbing wire
  3. Join every photo voltaic cell in a serry
  4. Safe the cells on the glass panel
  5. Join every row
  6. Check your photo voltaic panel
  7. Encapsulate
  8. Body your photo voltaic panel

Fastidiously comply with our directions, and we assure you’ll be capable to produce your individual electrical energy from the solar at a low price.

Step 1— Constructing Plan For A 150W Panel

As you could know, a photo voltaic panel consists of a number of photo voltaic cells related in collection.

On this venture, we’re constructing a 36-cell photo voltaic panel with the next electrical traits:

Photo voltaic Cell Photo voltaic Panel
Most Energy – Pmax 4.5W 150W
Most Energy Level Voltage – Vmpp 0.5V 18V
Most Energy Level Present – Impp 8.3A 8.3A
Building plan for a 36-cell solar panel — DIY solar panel.
Constructing plan for a 36-cell photo voltaic panel by Abdulmajid Murad

Step 2 — Solder The Tabbing Wire

A photo voltaic cell has present collectors (busbars) on its back and front, as proven within the image beneath.

Front of solar cell — DIY solar panel.
Entrance of photo voltaic cell by Marco Paggi

The entrance of the photo voltaic cell (blue aspect) is the detrimental (-), and the again is the optimistic (+).

Measure and reduce the 2mm tabbing wire to an acceptable size to hitch two photo voltaic cells.

Subsequent, apply the flux pen to the busbars; this may stop the soldering iron from bleeding on the cell.

Then, place the tabbing wire on the busbar and begin soldering from the highest of the cell to the underside in a steady motion.

Repeat this 36 instances for every photo voltaic cell — be prepared for a few hours of soldering.

Essential word: photo voltaic cells are skinny and very brittle; deal with them with care. If damaged, you possibly can nonetheless repair them with tape on the again.

Step 3 — Join Every Photo voltaic Cell In Collection

The purpose is to attach the detrimental busbars of 1 photo voltaic cell to the optimistic busbars of the subsequent photo voltaic cell and repeat.

First, place the entrance glass panel onto your worktop; guarantee it’s dry and clear. Then, place the photo voltaic cells in a row of 9 cells, face down on the glass. Use common tape to repair the photo voltaic cells. Make 4 rows of 9 cells every (complete of 36 cells).

Get the detrimental wires out and place them on the corresponding optimistic busbars of the subsequent cell. Then, apply flux pen and solder the identical method described in step 2.

Step 4 — Safe The Cells On The Glass Panel

You now have 4 rows of 9 cells every. Place them within the heart of the glass panel; go away a minimal area of 1 inch on the edges. Then, safe the cells on the glass with the strapping tape.

Step 5 — Join Every Row

Let’s full the serry of 36 cells by connecting every row.

Use the 5mm tabbing tape to attach the rows, as proven within the image beneath.

Main busbars (5mm tabing wire) in red — DIY solar panel
Essential busbars (5mm tabing wire) in pink

Lastly, you’re left with 2 bus wires for the optimistic and detrimental terminal of the photo voltaic panel on which you’ll solder the AWG 12 wires.

Step 6 — Check Your Photo voltaic Panel

At this level, your panel ought to be capable to produce electrical energy — it’s time to check it!

Expose the panel to the solar and measure the voltage together with your multimeteryou need to obtain a minimum of 18V.

Step 7 — Encapsulate The Panel

Photo voltaic cells have to be shielded from moisture to increase their lifespan; encapsulation with epoxy resin is one of the simplest ways to keep away from degradation of your panel.

To do that, place your panel face down in your worktop and apply a silicone seal on the glass panel’s edge. It will stop the epoxy resin from leaking out of the panel.

Combine the epoxy resin with the hardener in a bucket (comply with the blending instruction on the bottle). Subsequent, apply the combo with a brush. Lastly, wait 12 hours for the resin to remedy.

Step 8 — Body Your Photo voltaic Panel

Body your photo voltaic panel for higher power and sturdiness. Measure the scale of your glass panel, then use the miter noticed to chop the aluminum profile accordingly with a forty five° angle.

Use 4 brackets to hitch the angle of the profile.

Following this, apply silicone sealant on the sting of the body; this may assist it stick with the photo voltaic panel.

Lastly, place your glass panel onto the body and set up the remaining 8 brackets to keep up the panel and body collectively safely.

That’s it — your 150W photo voltaic panel is full!

Closing Ideas

Making a 150W DIY photo voltaic panel at dwelling is a superb method so that you can dive headfirst into the photo voltaic vitality world!

All of the instruments and supplies can be found on-line. Essentially the most difficult half is soldering the photo voltaic cells. Simply be affected person and cautious when manipulating the cells; they break simply.

Our Closing Tip: be certain that a thick layer of epoxy resin covers your photo voltaic cells to increase their lifespan.

We hope you loved this DIY venture; share your construct and ideas by becoming a member of our group, or comply with us on Twitter.



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