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UI Design Course of: Every little thing You Have to Know

To create pixel-perfect designs, we begin from scratch, or possibly with some tough sketches and later we attempt to make pixel-perfect high-fidelity UI designs out of it. The method of creating wonderful and aesthetic UI design is named the UI design course of. The UI design course of usually features a few steps that make designing pleasurable. Having an ideal mix of nice consumer expertise and aesthetic consumer interfaces makes the product distinct and stand out.

6 Steps of UI Design Process

For a newbie within the discipline, it is rather necessary to know these steps with a view to design and doc every step help to keep away from any confusion for the entire group. In conditions when the first particular person of contact is just not current or obtainable, the remainder of the group members can look into the doc and take up the work. 

6 Steps in UI Design Course of

Step 1: Idea Sketching 

Because the identify suggests, it’s purely centered to get began with the concept. Idea sketching consists of tough sketches, tough display flows, and drawings that basically assist to arrange the design idea and basis for an achievable resolution. As people we began with dotted alphabets to begin writing, so we’re fast in drawing out concepts on paper utilizing pen/pencil. This fashion idea sketching helps to get high-level concepts from the highest of your thoughts. Idea drawings within the UI design course of are acceptable to be within the roughest kind and don’t have to be pixel-perfect. 
Drawing tough sketches and placing out concepts on paper has the best flexibility to include modifications with out hampering time and price. 

Issues to be saved in thoughts to reinforce understandability and encourage suggestions:
To assist cross-functional groups perceive your idea sketches higher attempt to use outlined packing containers to signify display structure. Point out every with a placeholder for photographs, textual content, and icons wherever wanted.

Advantages of Idea Sketching:

  • Helps begin off with the design, and get the concepts on the desk.
  • Helps to visualise screens 
  • Encourage group collaboration, as everybody comes collectively to provide out concepts.
  • Make clear necessary options and necessities
  • Perceive most baseline duties, and consumer wants
  • Permits fast modifications and iteration over design
  • Very value and time environment friendly 

Step 2: Wireframing

After the idea sketching is completed, the designer acquired some concepts across the resolution. Now it’s time to begin with wireframing. Wireframes are created earlier than truly leaping on the ultimate UI design. This step of the method focuses on giving shapes to the tough concepts we collected from idea sketching. Whereas wireframing we add textual content, pattern relatable photographs, and dummy content material akin to lorem ipsum. Can we successfully do it utilizing the assistance of your design system wireframing package, or every other kits to keep away from doing all the pieces from scratch? There are many freely obtainable UI kits in Figma that one may use. 

Advantages of Wireframing:

  • Helps refine concepts.
  • Helps to visualise the structure and parts of the display
  • A quick and cost-efficient approach of designing and getting suggestions
  • Helps in presenting concepts amongst stakeholders
  • Encourages elimination of irrelevant elements and concepts in design

Instruments that can be utilized:

  • Figma
  • Current UI kits
  • Balsamiq device

Step 3: Templatization

It consists of creating elements for a number of atomic parts like buttons and many others. Templatization and element creation could be finished on design instruments for higher sharing and collaboration inside completely different cross-functional groups. It creates consistency amongst parts. 

Element creation majorly offers with following factor:

  • Designing CTAs, and their states akin to hover, pressed, disabled, and regular state. 
  • Introduction complicated parts like tables and lists that features numbered listing, bulleted listing.
  • Card, Menus, Varieties and navigation drawers

All these elements are created by including photographs, graphics textual content, and different placeholders. Elements have completely different variants as effectively, akin to for a CTA button there could be variants like outlines CTA, ghosted CTA, and crammed CTA. 

Advantages of Templatization:

  • Unfold consistency throughout designs
  • Helps to check the structure
  • Encourages testing of product’s usability
  • Helps uncover usability and accessibility points
  • Helps in cross-functional group collaboration by taking engineering inputs on design
  • Responsive issues may also be decided
  • Permits sharing design

Instruments that can be utilized:

Additionally Learn: 

Step 4: Creating Flows 

This step consists of creating consumer flows and job flows. With this step, we determine on completely different duties a consumer would do and the way they’d do them. Stream creation is all about matching the consumer’s psychological mannequin with the conceptual mannequin of the product being created. We create conceptual fashions to ease customers in performing a selected job. To carry out that job, there are specific paths, containing touchpoints and sub-tasks by means of which the consumer crosses to perform the objective. At varied touchpoints(screens) a consumer would work together and get some response on making some motion. To confirm whether or not the entire funnel is smart to a consumer and whether or not the product is working as anticipated we create flows.

Issues that designers ought to query themselves whereas laying out duties and path to finish a job:

  • What screens would the consumer be interacting with?
  • What would occur if a consumer clicked?
  • The place would they land after clicking?

This step is all about understanding customers’ wants and their psychological fashions. So mainly taking wireframes and connecting them as a circulation, would assist full a selected job. A designer would create job circulation diagrams, and circulation charts. To put out completely different steps wanted to finish a job in probably the most environment friendly method with out getting misplaced.

For instance: To finish the acquisition of footwear, screens {that a} consumer would in all probability work together with could be:

  • Product web page or Wishlist web page
  • Checkout Web page
  • Cost web page
  • Affirmation

Right here all these screens are the interactions a consumer would work together with known as the duty circulation, with a view to full a purchase order that may be a job.

Advantages of Creating Duties:

  • Helps visually full consumer journey
  • Helps check circulation and screens that consumer would work together with
  • Examine click on counts for reaching the top state
  • Exhibits lacking states and steps
  • Exhibits an entire navigation scheme.
  • The diagram helps map entry, exit, and decision-making factors.

Step 5: Designing Excessive-Constancy Mockup

This step is to precisely design the screens as they would seem within the closing product. Near the pixel-perfect design, utilizing all of the work and knowledge collected from earlier steps. Right here on this step, we add all the ultimate textual content copies, graphics, icons, and pictures to the design. It’s the step the place all the colours, fonts, and aesthetics are added to the screens. As soon as designing is completed, screens are proven to the stakeholder to get their suggestions. Any modifications or a/b testing variants are determined based mostly on the overview. Remaining mockups are additionally utilized in usability testing. One other necessary factor on this step is that, as designs are finalized, belongings like photographs, textual content or translations, icons, and illustrations, and many others are shared with builders. 

Advantages of Excessive-fidelity Mockups:

  • Creates design consistency 
  • Represents a model 
  • Showcase the pixel-perfect aesthetics of interfaces
  • Inexperienced sign to current your work in entrance of stakeholders
  • Encourages suggestions on the ultimate product

Instruments that can be utilized:

  • Figma or Adobe XD for designing
  • Slack or google meet for communication
  • Google Drive or Dropbox for file sharing

Step 6: Prototyping

Known as the No-code closing model of the product. This step connects all the pieces collectively, to imitate the ultimate developed product. Including interactions, transitions, and animations to the ultimate static screens. Prototyping helps to test merchandise’ total look, really feel, and habits. This helps in testing the ultimate product from each designer’s and developer’s views. Prototyping consists of including motion states, goal factors, and all necessary interactions wanted within the product.
For instance Present buttons(goal factors), when clicked take the consumer to some display.
It provides a semi-real simulated atmosphere as all of the flows and screens are linked collectively. As soon as a prototype is examined and has a inexperienced flag to go forward, designs are handed over to the builders. Growth work fires as much as make the product dwell quickly.

Advantages of Prototyping:

  • Ensures all the pieces works earlier than beginning with dev work
  • Encourages cross-functional groups to log off on the design
  • Let the groups test the ultimate habits of the product

Instruments that can be utilized:

  • Figma or Adobe XD for prototyping
  • Slack or google meet for communication
  • Google Drive or Dropbox for file sharing


That’s all for the UI design course of, all the time remember the fact that design is an iterative course of so it’s not essential to observe the steps in an actual method. Relying upon your product necessities and context, steps could be repeated and is likely to be skipped as effectively. Every little thing is justified, and processes could be refined as per the necessity. It’s all the time good to be effectively conscious of steps that you just won’t even use whereas designing. Understanding all steps within the UI design course of would make a designer extra assured and comfy in making tweaks and defining their very own design course of.


What are the steps concerned within the UI design course of?

There are six steps concerned within the UI design course of:

  • Idea Sketching 
  • Wireframing
  • Templatization
  • Creating Flows 
  • Designing Excessive-Constancy Mockup
  • Prototyping

What are the highest 3 most necessary issues in a superb UI design?

The three most necessary issues you must think about for making a superb UI design:

  • Making UI constant
  • Simple interplay with the client
  • Cut back cognitive load

What’s the design technique of a UI designer?

After understanding the enterprise necessities, we create visible parts of the interface to satisfy the requirements of the model and id of the corporate(model, colour, graphics, fonts, and many others). After understanding the calls for and desires, a UI is constructed which may fulfill the wants of the enterprise. The design course of additionally includes a number of steps.



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